Carterton is one of the county's newest towns and the second largest town in West Oxfordshire. Situated 2 miles South of the A40 and 4 miles South-West of Witney. At the beginning of the 19th century it was just farmland part of the parish of Black Bourton. The present settlement dates from the late 19th century when part of the estate was sold to William Carter the director of Homesteads Limited the founder of Carterton.

Wartime saw the town grow rapidly as it was the main housing for service personnel from the nearby RAF base at Brize Norton. After WW2 the base was the home of the USAF bomber wings. The Royal Air Force returned in 1965 undertaking more building work. Brize Norton is now the main transport base in the country and the largest employer in the area. The present population total about 14,000 although inhabitants are constantly changing, there are many retired RAF personnel in permanent residence.

Carterton is a lively and expanding town with many amenities and new housing, industrial and business areas being developed in the north east of the town.

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